How to prevent?

         

Forms of transmission and symptoms of the disease

According to current knowledge about SARS-CoV-2, at least two ways of transmitting the virus have been identified, respectively:

a) By respiratory droplets (particles larger than 5 micrometres), through the spread of respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks, which can be inhaled or land in the mouth, nose or eyes of people who are nearby.

b) By direct contact with infectious secretions - contact of the hands with a surface or object with the new coronavirus and then contact with the oral, nasal or ocular mucous membranes (mouth, nose or eyes).

Symptoms associated with the onset of infection with the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 can be confused with the symptoms of common flu, including fever, dry cough, tiredness and difficulty breathing.

Some people may experience pain, congestion and / or runny nose, sore throat or diarrhoea. In the most serious situations, the condition may progress to pneumonia with acute respiratory failure, kidney and other organ failure, which may culminate in death.

With this in mind, it is crucial to adopt preventive measures to reduce the possibilities of contagion and control procedures, in a phase of suspected or confirmed cases of COVID-19..

 

4.2 General Contagion Prevention Measures

Basic hygiene measures

In order to prevent infection by the SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 virus, the academic community and guests / visitors must adopt the following hygiene measures:

> Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If they are not available, use a hand sanitizer that has at least 70% alcohol, covering all surfaces of the hands and rubbing them until they are dry. If the hands are visibly dirty, soap and water should preferably be used.

> Reinforce hand washing before and after contact with food, after using sanitary facilities and after contact with surfaces in public places (door handles, elevator buttons, public transport, etc.).

> Cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue whenever you need to blow your nose, cough or sneeze. The tissue paper should be disposed of in a waste bin and then hands should be washed. In the absence of disposable tissues, you should cough or sneeze into your forearm or sleeve, with your forearm flexed.

> Cleanse hands after contact with respiratory secretions.

> Promote social distance, namely, by not staying in very crowded and closed places uneccessarily.

> Avoid greetings with physical contact.

> Clean surfaces and contact equipment frequently (keyboard, desk, mobile phone, etc.).

> If you experience any symptoms, such as cough, fever or difficulty breathing (yourself or your family), reduce social contacts and do not go to UAlg or health services. You should call the SNS24 Line (808 24 24 24) .

Environmental hygiene measures

Considering that the virus can remain active on surfaces for a few days, cleaning and disinfection will be reinforced, in the following terms:

> The cleaning and disinfection of surfaces, namely table tops, keyboards, handrails, door handles, elevator buttons, will be carried out daily.

> Cleaning and sanitizing must be appropriate to the type of coating, with degreasing detergent, followed by the application of disinfectant.

> Provision of liquid soap and paper towels for drying hands in sanitary facilities and other hand washing locations.

> Provision of alcohol-based antiseptic solution dispensers in corridors, libraries, canteens, bars, student service centers, services. If necessary, this measure may be extended to other areas. 

> Reinforcement of information for students at the Escola Superior de Saúde, the Department of Biomedical Sciences and Medicine and the Faculty of Sciences and Technology, enrolled in courses that involve training in a hospital environment or any other health institutions where they must use personal and adequate protective equipment in the performance of their learning activities in the context of a health establishment. The level of protection should be similar to that of health professionals.

 

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