How to prevent?

Learn about some measures for the prevention and mitigation of contagion.

Forms of transmission and symptoms of the disease

According to current knowledge about SARS-CoV-2, at least two forms of virus transmission are identified, respectively:

a) By respiratory droplets (particles larger than 5 micrometers), through the spread of respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks, which can be inhaled or land in the mouth, nose or eyes of people who are nearby;

b) By direct contact with infectious secretions - contact of the hands with a surface or object with the new coronavirus and then contact with the oral, nasal or ocular mucous membranes (mouth, nose or eyes).

Symptoms associated with the onset of an infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus can be confused with the symptoms of a common flu, including fever, dry cough, tiredness and difficulty breathing.

Some people may experience pain, congestion and / or runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. In the most serious situations, the condition may progress to pneumonia with acute respiratory failure, kidney and other organ failure, which may culminate in death.

In this sense, it is essential to adopt preventive measures to reduce the possibilities of contagion and control procedures, in a phase of suspicion or confirmation of cases of COVID-19.


Contagion prevention measures

Basic hygiene measures

In order to prevent infection by the SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 virus, the academic community and guests / visitors must adopt the following hygiene measures:

  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If they are not available, use a hand sanitizer that has at least 70% alcohol, covering all surfaces of the hands and rubbing them until they are dry. If hands are visibly dirty, soap and water should preferably be used
  • Reinforce hand washing before and after contact with food, after using sanitary facilities and after contact with surfaces in public places (door handles, elevator buttons, public transport, etc.);
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue whenever you need to blow, cough or sneeze. The tissue should be disposed of in a waste bin and then hands should be washed. In the absence of disposable tissues, you may cough or sneeze into your forearm or sleeve, with your forearm flexed;
  • Hand hygiene after contact with respiratory secretions;
  • Promote social distance, namely, not staying in places that are very frequented and closed, without absolute necessity;
  • Avoid compliments with physical contact;
  • Clean surfaces and contact equipment (keyboard, desk, mobile phone, etc.) frequently;
  • If you experience any symptoms, such as cough, fever or difficulty breathing (in yourself or in your family), reduce social contacts and do not go to the UAlg or health services. You should call the SNS24 Line (808 24 24 24).

Environmental hygiene measures

Considering that the virus can remain active on surfaces for a few days, cleaning and disinfection will be reinforced, in the following terms:

  • The cleaning and disinfection of surfaces, namely table tops, keyboards, handrails, door handles, elevator buttons, will be carried out on a daily basis;
  • Cleaning and sanitizing must be appropriate to the type of coating, with degreasing detergent, followed by the application of disinfectant;
  • Provision of liquid soap and paper towels for drying hands in sanitary facilities and other hand washing places;
  • Provision of alcohol-based antiseptic solution dispensers in corridors, libraries, canteens, bars, student service centers, services, without prejudice to possible extension to other areas, if necessary.